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IMF visits for SDR review

China is "actively" working with the International Monetary Fund in the assessment of whether the yuan can be included in the basket for the IMF's Special Drawing Rights, an international reserve asset, said the foreign exchange regulator.

The comment came from Wang Yungui, director of the policy and regulations department at the State Administration of Foreign Exchange, during a news conference on Wednesday. [Businesses Registration]A special team from the IMF is in Beijing for technical discussions of the SDR review, which takes place every five years.

"China is actively trying to join the SDR, but it should be a natural process that requires all conditions to be ripe," said Wang. "To join the SDR basket is crucial for accelerating the yuan's internationalization and reducing potential financial risks," he said.

The basket of reserve currencies for the SDR, which was created by the IMF in 1969, is made up of the dollar, Japanese yen, British pound and euro. Whether to add the yuan is a major issue for this year's assessment.

The two-stage review process consists of a technical determination of whether the yuan meets SDR criteria, such as whether it is "freely usable". The IMF Executive Board is to vote on the issue by the end of the year.
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The yuan failed a review for SDR inclusion in 2010, as it was not considered "freely usable" at the time. The political backdrop then was negative for China, as the United States claimed the currency was "substantially undervalued" and should be allowed to appreciate.

To join the SDR basket will have limited economic benefit for China, experts said, but the reform behind the process will be a milestone for China's financial opening, as it will accelerate capital account liberalization.

The SAFE official confirmed on Wednesday that the agency aims to finish the revision of foreign exchange regulations by the end of this year, which was listed as a major task by the State Council and the central bank to achieve the yuan's full convertibility.

The revision work includes: further reducing administrative approvals on capital controls; strengthening statistical analysis and monitoring of cross-border capital flows and tightening controls on foreign debt in the foreign exchange market.

"The key is to prevent a regional and systemic financial crisis," said Wang.

Earlier this month, [Hong Kong company registration]the People's Bank of China, the central bank, announced that it would allow offshore yuan clearing. It also said it would permit participating banks to access the onshore interbank repo market, as a measure to expand the currency's use in more foreign markets.

The PBOC said in a report that the government will soon allow individuals to invest overseas under the Qualified Domestic Institutional Investor II program.


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